Impedance matching techniques for microstrip patch antenna article pdf available in indian journal of science and technology 1028. Design of square patch antenna with a notch on fr4 substrate. A variant of the patch antenna commonly used in mobile phones is the shorted patch antenna, or planar invertedf antenna pifa. What is the formula for radiation pattern of rectangular microstrip. In this case, each vector starts at the origin and lies along the specified points on the x, y, and zaxes. Microstrip patch antennas have become the favorite of antenna designers because of its versatility and advantages of planar profile, ease of fabrication, compatibility with integrated circuit technology, and conformability with a shaped surface. Pdf radiation pattern investigation of n element microstrip patch. The microstrip patch antenna array is designed for wlan applications, at an operating frequency of 2. Introduction microstripe patch antenna is most widely used antenna in portable communication devices due to being conformal, compact, low cost, and ease of fabrication.
Resonant frequency of an antenna in general any device is where it performs at a highest level. Normalized radiation pattern for microstrip patch antenna. The microstrip patch antenna calculator determines the length l and width w of a rectangular microstrip patch antenna for a given resonant frequency or vice versa. The results obtain that microstrip patch antenna can be used as client antenna in computer and workable antenna for wireless fidelity. It is relatively easy to print an array of patches on a single large substrate using. What is resonant frequency in a microstrip patch antenna. A large bandwidth of 33% make this an ideal choice for experimenting. If the antenna had a 100% radiation efficiency, all directivity would be converted to gain. Feb 01, 20 introduction microstripe patch antenna is most widely used antenna in portable communication devices due to being conformal, compact, low cost, and ease of fabrication.
The figure3 shows the 2d view radiation pattern of the antenna. The goal is to understand the radiation mechanism, polarization, patterns. Properties not specified retain their default values. Performance analysis of circular microstrip patch antenna. The patch is generally made up of a conducting material such as copper or gold and can take any possible shape like rectangular, circular, triangular, elliptical or some other common shape. Figure 7 shows the gain pattern of the antenna with a peak gain of 9. The patch antenna, microstrip transmission line and ground plane are made of high conductivity metal typically copper. The project here provides a detailed study of how to design a probefed square microstrip patch antenna using hfss, v11. Microstrip patch antenna design linkedin slideshare. The following image shows a microstrip or patch antenna. Microstrip patch antenna design calculator 1 mosin i memon and 2 prof. The antenna is attractive due to its lowprofile conformal design, relatively low cost and very narrow bandwidth. A stable omnidirectional radiation pattern is observed in the operating frequency band.
Micro strip patch antennas are widely used in compact, conformal and low cost wireless applications due to its advantages over conventional antenna. The fields are linearly polarized, and in the horizontal direction when viewing the microstrip antenna as in figure 1a well see why in the next section. A microstrip patch antenna is a radiating patch on one side of a dielectric substrate, which has a ground plane on the underside 1, pg2. A single patch antenna provides a maximum directive gain of around 69 dbi. The basics of patch antennas, updated orban microwave. The thickness of the ground plane or of the microstrip is not critically important. Microstrip patch antennas for broadband indoor wireless.
When the antenna is excited, the waves generated within the dielectric undergo reflections and the energyis radiated from the edges of the metal patch,which is very low. Uhf patch antennas for space antenna development corporation, inc. Microstrip patch antennas or simply patch antenna are increasingly useful because the antenna is printed directly onto a circuit board. Figure 3 a patch may be fed at two points along adjacent edges. The microstrip patch antenna is used in a wide range of applications since it is easy to design and fabricate. Impedance matching techniques for microstrip patch antenna.
Here is the link page to the various patch antenna and microstrip antenna topics. Most often, microstrip antennas are made by etching the patch from a printed circuit board with conductor on both sides. Their low profile design, often square or rectangular, allows them to be mounted to flat surfaces. Multiple patch antennas on the same substrate see image called microstrip antennas, can be used to make high gain array antennas, and phased arrays in which the beam can be electronically steered. A slot will be placed on the ground plane and feed line will be placed on lower substrate.
Introduction to microstrip antennas university of houston. The patch may be in a variety of shapes, but rectangular and circular are the most common. The radiation pattern can be represented in either cartesian or polar coordinates, as shown in figure 1. Interaction of the fields generated by each pair of elements contributes towards the overall radiation characteristics. Design and performance evaluation of microstrip antenna. It has low radiation power and narrow frequency bandwidth. Pattern analysis of the rectangular microstrip patch antenna. To determine the width w, the microstrip patch antenna calculator was used to provide an initial starting point. In that vein, innovators from singapore have developed a taperedslit cp patch antenna with a compact rectifier for energyharvesting purposes. Click here to go to our page on circular patch antennas new for september 2018. Microstrip patch antenna array design to improve better gains.
Threeelement vectors of cartesian coordinates in meters. At fu,the antenna can also support a righthand circular polarization rhcp with a good axial ratio to support a satellite communication system. The radiation pattern of microstrip or patch antenna is. The top metallic flat region, which is called the patch antenna, sits on a dielectric substrate. The length l was chosen to be the same as w to obtain a symmetric radiation pattern.
Antdevco employees have designed andmanufactured spacecraft microstrip patch antennas for many small spacecraft programs. Having a 125 degree input range with this patch antenna would suffice for a gps. Patch antenna category is a curation of 10 web resources on, patch antenna for apt, the basics of patch antennas, patch antenna. This creates two independent radiated waves that are orthogonally polarized. Dec 04, 2012 uhf patch antennas for space antenna development corporation, inc. In 5 a pattern and frequency reconfigurable antenna offers two different radiation patterns, steered by two switching elements.
The em waves fringe off the top patch into the substrate, reflecting off the ground plane and radiates out into the air. Sonia goyal2 1, 2department of electronics and communication engineering punjabi university patiala, india abstract. Dual ushape microstrip patch antenna design for wimax applications. This radiation pattern shows that the antenna radiates more power in a certain direction than another direction. Microstrip patch antenna array with cosecantsquared. The goal is to match the input impedance zin to the transmission line z0. These antennas are capable of supporting high data rates to at least 10 watts of transmittedpower. Microstrip patch antenna have been analyzed and studied. Deschamps in 1953, but didnt become practical until the 1970s when it was developed further by researchers such as robert e.
This pattern is heavily dependent on the ground plane being relatively large to the antenna. The fundamentals of patch antenna design and performance. The microstrip patch antenna is used in a wide range of applications because it is easy to design and fabricate. Analysis and design of circular microstrip patch antenna at 5. You can specify several namevalue pair arguments in any order as name1, value1. Manually meshing should be performed on the airbox to get accurate results for the antenna properties such as efficiency, directivity, and radiation pattern. I want to know formula for radiation pattern e field and h filed of rectangular microstrip antenna for finite ground plan. Rectaangular microstrip patch antenna for wireless. It consists of a flat rectangular sheet or patch of metal, mounted over a larger sheet of metal called a ground plane. Also called patch antennas one of the most useful antennas at microwave frequencies f 1 ghz. Figure 4 measured pattern of a patch antenna, with a typical beamwidth of 65. Dualband operation of a microstrip patch antenna on a duroid. A microstrip or patch antenna operates in a way that when current though a feed line reaches the strip of the antenna, then electromagnetic waves are generated.
The patchmicrostrip object is a microstrip patch antenna. Applications include gps, usaf sgls, nasa sn including. The performance parameters were achieved with return loss 16. However, besides having several advantages, it also suffers from losses due to conductor and dielectric and reduction in gain due to surface wave 1. Design and simulation of microstrip phase array antenna using ads. A reconfigurable stacked microstrip patch antenna for.
Antennas using patches as constitutive elements in an array are also possible. Microstrip square patch antenna using cst by shamsur. It also has a wide angle of beam in its radiation pattern. This method employs ground plane between two substrates. Design and simulation of microstrip phase array antenna. Additional benefits of patch antennas is that they are easily fabricated making them cost effective. Substrate, gain, radiation pattern, patch antenna scientific. Then the bottom face and the patch antenna trace were selected and a finite conductivity boundary using copper was assigned. Patch antenna with a quarterwavelength matching section. Effect of changes in basic parameter microstrip patch antenna on its radiation patter and other parameters can be determined by using gui. They are the original type of microstrip antenna described by howell in 1972. When the phase shift between the two modes is set to 90. Siddaiah procedia computer science 85 2016 401 a 409 dirctivity. In this paper, the radiation pattern on either side of the main beam, which is created by a standard microstrip patch antenna, is configured to correspond to a cosecantsquared curve.
The most common type of microstrip antenna is the patch antenna. International journal of science, engineering and technology research 2. Radiation properties include power flux density, radiation intensity, field strength. The radiation pattern of microstrip or patch antenna is broad. A patch antenna is a narrowband, widebeam antenna fabricated by etching the antenna element pattern in metal trace bonded to an insulating dielectric substrate, such as a printed circuit board, with a continuous metal layer bonded to the opposite side of the substrate which forms a ground plane. The radiating patch and the feed lines are usually. Name is the property name and value is the corresponding value. Pdf microstrip patch antenna is widely used in aircraft, spacecraft and other application for small size, low cost and light weight. It usually consists of a metal patch on top of a grounded dielectric substrate. Microstrip square patch antenna using cst by shamsur rahman. The corners were truncated square microstrip antenna is mainly used for single patch designs 1.
A patch antenna is a type of radio antenna with a low profile, which can be mounted on a flat surface. Understanding the behaviour of the microstrip patch antenna and design of it for different metamaterial. Designing for designing of a microstrip patch antenna, we have to select the resonant frequency and a dielectric medium for which antenna is to be designed. We will discuss later in this work more parameters of the antenna in connection with microstrip patch antenna like radiation pattern, efficiency, quality factor, directivity, gain, and more. The radiation pattern of a microstrip or patch antenna is shown above. A microstrip or patch antenna is a lowprofile antenna that has a number of advantages over other antennas. If the ratio lw is close to unity, the radiation pattern will be symmetric but may not provide a resonable input impedance. A patch antenna is a narrowband, widebeam antenna fabricated by etching the antenna element pattern in metal trace bonded to an insulating dielectric substrate, such as a printed circuit board, with a continuous metal layer bonded to the opposite side. Design and analysis of microstrip patch antenna arrays. Pdf impedance matching techniques for microstrip patch antenna. The patch is of length l, width w, and sitting on top of a substrate some dielectric circuit board of thickness h with permittivity.
The microstrip antenna can also be matched to a transmission line of characteristic impedance z0 by using a quarterwavelength transmission line of characteristic impedance z1 as shown in figure 2. P, india abstract here we made an attempt to maximize the gain of microstrip patch antenna. Resonant frequency of an antennain general any device is where it performs at a highest level. The directivity of patch antennas is approximately 57 db. The waves from the patch start getting radiated from the width side.
The microstrip patch antenna model used for the numerical simulation in ansoft hfss is shown in fig. The antenna is attractive due to its lowprofile conformal design, relatively low cost, and very narrow bandwidth. The geometrical structure under consideration of circular patch antenna prototype and superstrate material is shown in figure 6, figure 7, figure 8, figure 9. A rogers rt 5880 duroidtm dielectric substrate with dielectric permittivity, r1 of 2.
The characteristics of microstrip patch antennas, microstrip sot antennas and printed dipole antennas are compared in table 1. The proposed prototype antenna behavior is discussed in terms of the. Fundamental specifications of patch antennas radiation pattern a patch antenna radiates power in certain directions and we say that the antenna has directivity usually expressed in dbi. Typical half wave patches have efficiencies well above 90%. This rectangular microstrip patch antenna is designed for wireless communication application that works at 2. This model uses an inset feeding strategy that does not need any additional matching parts. The use of slotted patch reduces the size of antenna and higher bandwidth, which is the area that can be improved with the proposed design.1270 580 419 401 104 1361 192 235 768 1540 563 359 1419 212 777 1152 28 293 746 1341 159 526 72 172 578 622 652 143 366 1294 507 961 733 140 338 655 1454